What Is Periodontal (Gum) Disease?
Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease, is a condition that affects your gums, your teeth, and your jawbone. When it begins, it is barely noticeable. For this reason, it often goes unnoticed, and therefore untreated. When untreated, periodontal disease progressively gets worse and can ultimately end in tooth loss. Periodontal disease requires professional treatment and will not go away on its own. At Karl Zeren DDS, we can diagnose periodontal disease and provide you with the treatment you need to restore the health of your mouth.
The Progression of Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease starts with a buildup of plaque and bacteria. Both irritate the gum tissue, which triggers an inflammatory response from your immune system. This response causes the gums to begin to swell. Untreated, your swollen gums begin to pull away from your teeth and pockets form. These pockets begin collecting bacteria and food debris. The bacteria continue attacking the gums from the inside and also begin attacking the supporting structures of your teeth. The longer the disease goes untreated, the worse it becomes, and it can eventually end in tooth loss.
How Do You Get Periodontal Disease?
There are several different issues that can lead to periodontal disease. One of the most common causes is poor oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing are essential for removing plaque and bacteria from your teeth. If you skip parts of your oral hygiene routine or even just miss certain parts of your mouth when you do brush and floss, plaque and bacteria can accumulate.
Other Causes of Periodontal Disease Include:
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The symptoms that you experience when you have periodontal disease vary depending upon how far it has progressed. The earliest, and most easily treatable, stage of periodontal disease, commonly called gingivitis, is characterized by red, swollen gums that may bleed when you brush or floss your teeth. Other symptoms that accompany periodontal disease include:
Treating Periodontal Disease
There are some different treatments available for periodontal disease. The type of treatment you receive will depend upon the severity of your situation.
When periodontal disease strikes, getting treatment right away is essential. Call Karl Zeren DDS to schedule your appointment today at (410) 316-6141.
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